Less Familiar Words—Not Strictly Jargon—or of Only Local Use


Ab´-ba, (?), well then.

Ad-de-dah´, (S), exclamation of pain, sorrow, surprise.

Ah-ha, (C), yes.

Al-ah, (J), expression of surprise.

A-mo´-ta, (C), strawberry.

An-a´h, (J), exclamation of pain or displeasure; ah! oh! fie!

Ats, (C), younger sister.

A-yah´-whul, (S), to lend; to borrow.


Be´-be, (F), a kiss; to kiss.

Bit, (E), a dime, or shilling.

Bloom, (E), broom.

Bur-dash, (Canadian F), an hermaphrodite.


Cal´-li-peen, (F), a rifle.

Chak-chak, (C), the bald eagle.

Chet´-lo, (S), oyster.

Chet-woot, (S), the black bear.

Chil-chil, or Tsil-tsil, (C), buttons; the stars.

Chitsh, (S), a grandmother.

Chope, (S), a grandfather.

Cho´-tub, (S), flea.

Chuk-kin, (S), to kick.

Comb, (E), a comb.

Coop´-coop, (C), small dentalium, or shell money.

Cou-lee, (F), a valley.


Ee´-na, (C), beaver.

Ek-kah-nam´, (C), tale, story.

Ek-ko-li, (C), whale.

Ek´-keh, (C), brother-in-law.

E´-la-han, (S), aid; assistance; alms.

E-li´te, (C), a slave.

E-salt’h, or Ye-salt’h, (Wasco), Indian corn; maize.

Eyeh, (N), yes.


Haht-haht´, (S), the mallard duck.

Hoh-hoh, (J), to cough.

Ho-ku-melh, (S), to gather; glean.

Hool-hool, (C), mouse.

Howh, (J), turn to; hurry; ho!

How´-kwutl, (C), inability; unable.

Hunl´-kih, (C), crooked; knotted; curled.

Hwah, (J), surprise; admiration; earnestness.

Hy´-kwa, (N), shell money; large dentalium.


Ik´-ik, (C), fish hook.

It´-lan, (C), a fathom.


Kah-de-nah, (C), to fight.

Kah´-kah, (J), a crow.

Kah´-na-way, (C), acorns.

Kahp-ho, (C), elder brother.

Kal-ak-a-lah´-ma, (C), a goose.

Kal-a-kwah´-tie, (C), inner bark of the cedar; woman’s petticoat of bark.

Ka-mo´-suk, (C), beads.

Ka-wa´k, (S), to fly.

Kaw-ka-wak, (C), yellow or pale green.

Keep´-wot, (C), needle; pin; thorn; sting of an insect.

Keh-loke, or Kaloke, (C), a swan.

Keh´-see, (C), an apron.

Keh-wa, (?), because.

Kes´-chi, (C), notwithstanding; although.

Ket-ling, (E), kettle; can; basin.

Kil-it´-sut, (C), flint; bottle; glass.

Kinni-kinnik, smoking weed (mixture). See note under Tatoosh, main vocabulary.

Ki´-nootl, (C), tobacco; smoking.

Ki´-wa, (Wasco), crooked.

Ki´-yah, (S), entrails.

Klak´-wun, (S), to wipe, or lick.

Kla´-pite, (C), thread; twine.

Kla-whop, (C), a hole.

Klem´-a-hun, (S), to stab, wound, spear.

Klilt, or Klile, (C), sour, bitter.

Klik´-a-muks, (C), blackberries.

Klik´-wal-lie, (C), brass wire; brass armlet.

Kloh-kloh, (C), oysters. See chetlo.

Klook, (E), crooked.

Kluh, or Klugh, (C), to tear; to plow.

Kluk-ulh´, (C), broad, or wide, as of a plank.

Ko´-ko, (J), to knock.

Ko´-ko-stick, (J), (knock-tree), woodpecker.

Koo´sah, (C), sky.

Kush´-is, (S), stockings.

Kwah-nice, or Kwad-dis, (Klikitat), whale.

Kwa-lal-kwa-lal, (C), to gallop.

Kwal’h, (S), an aunt.

Kwates, (S), sour; bitter; not pleased.

Kweh-kweh, (J), a mallard duck.

Kwek-wi-ens, (S), a pin.

Kweo-kweo, (C), a ring; a circle.

Kwelth, (S), proud.

Kwish, (?), exclamation of refusal

Kwit-shad-ie, (S), hare; rabbit.

Kwulh, or Kwult’h, (C), to hit, strike, or wound (without cutting).

Kwun´-nun, (S), counting; numbers.

Kwutl´, (C), literally, fast; to push or squeeze.


La-bleed, (F), a bridle.

La-boo-ti, (F), bottle.

La-ca-lat, (F), carrot.

Lagh, (C), to tip; to lean; to stoop; to bend over.

La-gwin´, (?), a saw.

La´-kles, (F), fat; oil; grease.

La-lah´, (C), to cheat, trick; joke with.

La-leem´, (F), a file.

La-pehsh, (F), a pole.

La-pelle´, (F), a shovel or spade.

La-pe-osh´, (F), a mattock or hoe.

La-piege, (F), a trap.

La-po-el´, (F), a frying pan (a stove,—Hale).

La-pool´, (F), fowl; poultry.

La-poo-shet´, (F), fork.

La-sanjel, (F), girth, sash, belt.

La-see, (F), a saw.

La-sell´, (F), saddle.

La´-shal-loo, (F), plough.

La-shan´-del, (F), a candle.

La-shase, (F), chair.

La-shen´, (F), a chain.

Las-siet, (F), a plate.

La-sway, (F), silk, silken.

La-tahb, (F), table.

La-tlah´, (F), noise.

La-west´, (F), waist-coat, vest.

Le-bah-do, or La-ba-do, (F), a shingle.

Le bis´-kwie, (F), biscuit, crackers, hard bread.

Le-blau´, (F), a sorrel horse; chestnut colored.

Le-clem´, (F), cream-colored.

Le-cock´, (F), a cock; a fowl.

Le-doo´, (F), finger.

Le-gley, (F & E), a grey horse; gray.

Le-kloo´, (F), nail; nails.

Le-koo´, (F), neck.

Le-ky´e, (?), spot; spotted; a piebald horse.

Le-lo´-ba, (F), ribbon.

Le-loo´, (F), wolf.

Le-mah-to, (F), hammer.

Le-pan´, (F), bread.

Le-pish´-e-mo, saddle-blanket or housing.

Le-pwau, (F), peas.

Le-sap´, (F), egg; eggs.

Le-see-blo, (F), spurs.

Le-see´-zo, (F), scissors.

Le-sook, (F), sugar.

Le-tah´, (F), the teeth.

Lik-pu´-hu, (?), a sister; an elder sister.

Luk´-ut-chee, (? F), clams.


Mah-lie, (S), to forget.

Ma-lah, (C), tin ware, earthenware, dishes.

Mel-a-kwa, (F), a mosquito.

Mist-chi´-mas, (?), slave.

Mit-ass, leggings. (See note under Tatoosh, main vocabulary.)

Moo´-lock, (C), an elk.


Na-ha, or Na-ah, (C), a mother.

Nau´-its, (S), off shore; on the stream,—Hale. The sea-beach,—Anderson.

Ne-nam-ooks, (C), the land otter.


O´-la-pits-ki, (C), fire.

Ol´-hy-iu, (C), a seal.

O´-luk, (S), a snake.

O´-na, (C), razor fish or solen; clams.

Oos´-kan, (C), a cup; a bowl.

O´-pe-kwan, (C), basket; can; tin kettle.

O´-pitl-kegh, (C), bow.

O´-pit-sah, (C), knife, razor, sword.

Ote-lagh, (C), the sun.


Pchih, or Pit-chih (?), thin, as of a board.

Pe-chugh, (C), green.

Pe-what´-tie, (C), thin, slight, flimsy.

Pit-lilh´, (?), thick, as molasses.

Poo´-lie, (F), rotten.

Pow´-itsh, (C), crab-apple.


San-de-lie, (F), roan colored; a roan horse; ash colored,—Anderson.

She-lok´-um, (C), looking-glass; glass.

Shugh, (C), a rattle.

Shugh-opoots, (C), a rattle-snake.

Shut, (E), a shirt.

Shwa-kuk, (S), a frog.

Si´-pah, (Wasco), straight, like a ramrod.

Sis-ki-you, a bob-tailed horse. (See note under Tatoosh, main vocabulary.)

Sit´-lay, (F), stirrups.

Sit´-shum, (S), to swim.

Skwak´-wal, (S), a lamprey eel.

Skwis´-kwis, (C), a squirrel.

Smet´-ocks, (S), the large clam.

Smoke, (E), smoke, clouds, fog, steam.

Soap, (E), soap.

So-le´-mie, (C), the cranberry.

Spo´-oh, (C), faded; any light color.

Spoon, (E), a spoon.

Suk-wal´-al, (C), a gun or musket.


Tah-nim, (S), to measure.

Teh-teh, (C), to trot, as a horse.

Te-peh, (C), quill, wing.

Tik´-tik, (onoma.), a watch.

Til´-i-kum-ma-ma, (C), a father.

Toke-tie, (Kalapuya), pretty.

To´-luks, (Clallam), the mussel.

Tot, (S), uncle.

To´-to, (onoma., C), to shake, sift, winnow.

Towagh, bright, shining.

Tshi´-ke, (?), directly, soon.

Tshis, (C), cold.

Tsish, (onoma.), in imitation of the sound of a grindstone.

Tsole-pat, (Klickitat), a shot-pouch.

Tso´-lo, (Kalapuya), to wander; to lose the way.

Tuk´-wil-la, (Kalapuya), nuts; the hazel nut.


Wa´-ki, (C), to-morrow.

Whim, (Wasco), to fell; to throw, in wrestling.


Yah´-hul, (C), a name.

Yah´-kis-ilt’h, (C), sharp, cutting.

Note—The letters (C), (E), (F), (N), and (S), refer to the derivation of words, and signify Chinook, English, French, Nootka, and Salish. (See explanatory notes.) Words marked (J) or (onoma.) are considered to be the peculiar property of the Jargon, as having been formed either in imitation of sounds or by some casual invention. (Gibbs, Hale, Chamberlain, Boas, Shaw, Anderson, Pandosy, Cook, Jewitt, Tolmie, Dawson, St. Onge, Scouler, Eells, Walker, Gard,—authorities.) See Pronouncing Vocabulary.


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